Crack is the most potent form of cocaine and is also considered as the most addictive. Its purity can range from 75% to 100%. Crack first emerged in the 1980s and is now considered as among the most addictive substances. It is so easy to get addicted to it even after using it a few times. Even though it is illegal and difficult to procure, it is so widely popular because it is easy to make using readily available chemicals.
There are various short term and long term effects of Crack Abuse on your body.
Short Term Effects
Crack can give you feelings of extreme ‘high’ or euphoria, while at the same time once these feelings subside, you are taken over by feelings of paranoia and depression. Crack can cause mental and physical effects which can be much more intense compared the efforts caused by powdered cocaine. The effects are similar to those of injecting cocaine or using methamphetamine.
What makes crack so hazardous is that they are made in uncontrolled settings. Besides, there is no consistency in the quality and purity of the cocaine used. Thus, the effects on your body can vary from those on others bodies. Some users can experience increased levels of alertness, others can suffer reduced appetite and increase in heart rate. The pupils can become dilated and the heart rate can be significantly increased.
Long Term Effects of Crack
The long term effects of Crack Abuse can cause damages to different organs including the brain.
Effects on the Brain
The unique thing about the long effects of crack on your brain is that the damages can last for a long time. According to researchers, the brain cannot ‘forget’ the damages caused by the use of this substance. Here are the different ways crack affects your brain:
- Abnormal functional and structural aspects of brain, leading to deteriorating memory.
- Problems with movement.
- Abnormal activity and production of dopamine in the brain.
- Strokes and seizures, and chances of permanent damage to brain.
- Brain aneurysm and even brain hemorrhage.
That is not all. Because crack is an excitotoxic stimulant it can destroy brain cells. It is also capable of causing permanent changes to different neural pathways. In fact, it is so harmful that you are at high risk of seizures even if you are a first-time user.
Crack’s Effects on Heart
When abused for a long time, crack can also cause wide-ranging damages to your cardiovascular system. You can suffer from increased blood pressure and raised heart rate. There can be constant chest pain and risks of heart attacks, cardiac arrhythmias and even death. The blood vessels can have increased resistance. Crack Abuse can also cause ventricular hypertrophy in which case the heart wall becomes enlarged. It can increase the risks of congestive heart failure, heart attack and arrhythmias.
Abusing crack can also affect your lungs in the long term. It can cause shortness of breath, chest pain, constant coughing, buildup of sputum and even coughing along with blood. If you feel that you are beginning to build dependency on this substance, you should immediately seek treatment for crack addiction.